On Dec. 20, 2022, Chevron Phillips Chemical applied to increase ethylene production at its Port Arthur facility in southeast Texas. This expansion would result in an increased greenhouse gas potential-to-emit of 130,000 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year, along with emissions limit increases. Public comments are currently open and can be submitted here until Feb. 11, 2023 (permit number 21101, docket number 2022-0735-AIR-E).
New Generation Gas Gathering LLC on Jan. 12, 2023, applied to build a new natural gas processing and compression facility in Ragley, Louisiana, north of Lake Charles. It would have the capacity to process 2.2 million cubic feet of gas per day. Requests for more information can be submitted to email@example.com, although the official public comment period is not yet open.
On Jan. 13, 2023, Enable Midstream applied to build a new natural gas processing plant in Pelican, Louisiana, an unincorporated community an hour south of Shreveport. The proposed plant would have the capacity to process 300,000 cubic feet of gas per day. Requests for more information can be submitted to firstname.lastname@example.org, although the official public comment period is not yet open.
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission on Jan. 19, 2023, issued a draft environmental impact statement for Venture Global’s CP2 LNG Terminal and CP Express Pipeline along the Calcasieu Ship Channel in Southwest Louisiana. Public comment is open until March 13, 2023 and can be submitted here (docket CP22-21).
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission is accepting public comments on the proposed Saguaro Connector Pipeline. The 48-inch diameter pipeline would extend from the from the U.S.-Mexico border in West Texas to approximately 1,000 feet inland from the Rio Grande, where it will connect to a 155-mile pipeline originating from the Waha Hub in Pecos County, Texas. Public comment is open until Jan. 26, 2023 and can be submitted here (docket CP23-29).
On Jan. 6, 2023, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued an environmental assessment for Venture Global Plaquemines LNG’s proposal to increase the liquefaction capacity at its LNG terminal in Port Sulphur, Louisiana from 1.2 trillion cubic feet per year to 1.4 trillion cubic feet per year . Public comment is open until Feb. 6, 2023 and can be submitted here (docket CP22-92).
The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality on Jan. 10, 2023, issued a draft permit for the construction an operation of a new cogeneration boiler at Dyno Nobel’s ammonia production facility in Waggaman, Louisiana. Public comment is open until Feb. 14, 2023 and can be submitted here.
On Jan. 10, 2023, the North Dakota Department of Environmental Quality issued an initial draft of a federal air quality permit for a renewable diesel production project at the former Dickinson Refinery in Dickinson, North Dakota. Public comment is open until Feb. 17, 2023 and can be submitted via email to AirQuality@nd.gov.
On Jan. 5, 2023, Shell submitted an application to build a new linear alpha olefins plant at its Geismar Chemical Plant in Ascension Parish, Louisiana. The parish is part of the heavy concentration of chemical industries along the Mississippi River between New Orleans and Baton Rouge. Linear alpha olefins are used to make polyethylene, synthetic lubricants, detergents, and waxes.
In early January 2023, the California Resources Corporation, Carbon TerraVault Holdings, and Grannus LLC announced plans to build the first blue ammonia and hydrogen facility in Northern California. Grannus is also planning to build a new blue ammonia plant and offshore marine export terminal in Port MacKenzie, Alaska, not far from Anchorage.
WBI Energy Transmission is seeking authorization from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to build a new 15-mile pipeline in Dunn County, North Dakota. The Grasslands South ExpansionProject would carry gas from the Bear Creek Gas Plant to anew interconnect in Sheridan County, Wyoming. Public comments are being accepted until Feb. 28, 2023.
On Dec. 9, 2022, Double E Pipeline submitted a request to build and operate its Red Hill Lateral Project, a 20 mile natural gas pipeline stretching from Poker Lake Meter Station in Eddy County, New Mexico, to the proposed Red Hills Meter Station in Lea County, New Mexico. These two adjacent counties in the southeast corner of New Mexico are part of the Permian Basin, a major oil and gas extraction area. Public comment is open until Feb. 17, 2023 and can be submitted here (docket CP23-24).
PCS Nitrogen Ohio on Dec. 15, 2022, submitted an application to expand the production of urea, a key component in nitrogen fertilizer, production from 1,900 to 2,800 tons per day at its plant in Lima, a city of 35,000 in northeast Ohio. Comments on the application can be submitted to HClerk@epa.ohio.gov before Jan. 29th, 2023.
On Dec. 28, 2022, pipeline company ONEOK submitted an application to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to build and operate the Saguaro Connector Pipeline Project, located in sparsely populated Hudspeth County, Texas, east of El Paso. The pipeline would allow the export to Mexico of more than 2.8 billion cubic feet of natural gas per day.
Crescent Midstream announced on Dec. 28, 2022, that it has joined a group of companies proposing a carbon capture and sequestration hub offshore of Grand Isle, Louisiana, a barrier island on the Gulf of Mexico located 20 miles south of New Orleans. Crescent plans to use existing right-of-ways to construct a 110-mile carbon dioxide (CO2) pipeline to Grand Isle from Geismar, along the Mississippi River between Baton Rouge and New Orleans. From there, the CO2 would be transported offshore and sequestered underground.
Louisiana Energy Gateway applied on Dec. 16, 2022, to build two new compressor stations southwest of Shreveport, Louisiana: the Jupiter Compressor and the Texana Compressor. They would be located next to each other and each would emit over 99,000 tons of greenhouse gases and over 110 tons of criteria pollutants each year.
On Dec. 28, 2022, Valero applied to expand its oil refinery in St. Charles, Louisiana, with the construction of a new boiler. The expansion would increase greenhouse gas emissions by the equivalent of 215,000 tons per year of carbon dioxide.
In early December 2022, Low Carbon America Corp announced plans to develop a hydrogen plant in Polk County, Florida, east of Tampa. The company would produce hydrogen using natural gas and capture the subsequent carbon emissions. The hydrogen would be sold as fuel across the U.S. and the captured carbon would be used to produce calcium carbonate and sodium carbonate for building materials.
On Dec. 16, 2022, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission approved Energy Transfer LP’s request to place its Gulf Run Natural Gas Pipeline into service The pipeline runs 134 miles through western Louisiana and adds 1.65 billion cubic feet per day of transportation capacity.
On Dec. 16, 2022, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued its final environmental impact statement for Columbia Gas Transmission’s Virginia Electrification Project (CP21-498). The project involves modifications at three existing compressor stations in Louisa, Goochland, and Prince George counties.
On Nov. 23, 2022, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection issued notice that they plan to authorize the construction of a second cryogenic gas processing plant at the MarkWest Harmon Creek facility in Bulger, Pennsylvania. The new plant would have the capacity to process 260 million standard cubic feet of natural gas per day. To oppose this issuance, file a written protest before Dec. 23, 2022, with email@example.com, including your name, address, and telephone number, identifying the proposed Plan Approval (PA-63-01011). Include a concise statement of the objections to the plan approval issuance and the relevant facts upon which the objections are based.
On Nov. 29, 2022, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued a notice that RH energytrans has submitted a an extension request for the deadline to complete construction of its Risberg Line Project. The project involves construction of new pipeline and compressors in Ohio and Pennsylvania. Public comment is open until Dec. 14, 2022 and can be submitted here (docket CP18-6).
AES and Air Products on Dec. 8, 2022, announced plans to construct a green hydrogen plant in Wilbarger County, Texas. This is the companies' second proposed green hydrogen plant in Texas – the first would be located in Nolan County. The plant would have the capacity to produce 200 metric tons per day of hydrogen using renewable energy, including wind and solar generating capacity built as part of the project.
The South Korea-based company LowCarbon America Corporation on Dec. 8, 2022, announced plans to develop a blue hydrogen plant in Polk County, Florida. The hydrogen produced at the facility would be transported using high-pressure hydrogen trailers and sold to fueling stations across the U.S. The project is expected to be completed in 2025.
LACC LLC applied on Nov. 22, 2022, to expand ethylene cracking capacity by 50 percent at their ethylene cracker and monoethylene glycol (MEG) plant in Westlake, a city near Lake Charles in southwestern Louisiana. MEG is a liquid ingredient in synthetic fibers, films, and other products. The expansion would increase ethylene production from 1 to 1.5 million metric tons per year. The facility’s industrial wastewater discharge permit is also up for renewal and, if approved, would allow it to discharge 1.749 million gallons per day of process wastewater into the Calcasieu River Ship Channel and Bayou D'Inde.
Six proposed chemical recycling projects were added to Oil and Gas Watch last week. These include Avangard Innovative’s announcement that it would use Honeywell’s Upcycle technology at a proposed plant in Waller, Texas and Clean-Seas LLC’s proposed plastics recycling plant in Templeton, Massachusetts. Both facilities would use pyrolysis to convert used plastics into fuel that could be used to make more plastic products.
On Nov. 23, 2022, the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality issued a draft permit for Ethox’s proposed alkoxylation plant in Pasadena, Texas, a suburb of Houston. Alkoxylation is a specialized process used to manufacture surfactants, chemicals that reduce the surface tension of liquids. Public comment is open until Dec. 23, 2022 and can be submitted here (permit number 169664).
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued an environmental assessment for Cameron LNG’s proposed expansion project in Hackberry, Louisiana on Dec. 2, 2022. Public comment is open until Jan. 3, 2023 and can be submitted here (docket CP22-41).
On Nov. 14, 2022, ANR Pipeline Company LLC filed an application with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to build the Wisconsin Reliability Project, a proposed natural gas pipeline expansion in Wisconsin and Illinois. The expansion involves replacing replacing 48 miles of existing pipeline at three locations in Wisconsin and Illinois with approximately 51 miles of larger diameter pipeline, modifying two compressor stations in Wisconsin, and modifying, installing, and/or removing related aboveground facilities in Wisconsin and Illinois. This project will increase pipeline capacity by 144 million cubic feet per day. Comments on the application can be submitted here until Dec. 19,2022 (docket number CP23-15).
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission released a notice that it is preparing an environmental assessment for the proposed carbon capture and sequestration system at Rio Grande LNG’s Brownsville Terminal. The assessment will be released on May 5, 2023 under docket number CP22-17.
As of Nov. 15, 2022, the coastal use permit for Venture Global’s CP2LNG Terminal is available for comment, according to the the Louisiana Office of Coastal Management. The permit would allow construction of the proposed LNG terminal in Monkey Island, Louisiana, which would potentially affect 357.8 acres of uplands, water bottoms, and wetlands. Relevant documents can be viewed here, and public comments are being accepted until Dec. 10, 2022.
On Nov. 16, 2022, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued a notice of intent to prepare an environmental impact statement for the Texas to Louisiana Energy Pathway Project proposed by Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company. The project would increase compression capacity in Louisiana and Texas. Public comment is open until Dec. 16, 2022 and can be submitted here (docket CP22-495).
On Nov. 16, 2022, Iron Horse Midstream announced its intention to construct a new natural gas cryogenic processing plant capable of handling 200 million cubic feet per day at the Iron Horse Gas Plant in Grady County, Oklahoma. The new processing plant is expected to be operational by late 2023 and will bring the facility’s total processing capacity to 425 million cubic feed per day.
The Louisiana coastal use permit for Commonweath LNG export terminal is open for public comment as of Nov. 22, 2022. The permit would allow construction of the proposed LNG terminal in Cameron, Louisiana, which would potentially affect 897 acres of uplands, water bottoms, and wetlands. Relevant documents can be viewed here and public comments are being accepted until Dec. 17, 2022.
On Nov. 2, 2022, Koch Methanol St. James applied for a permit modification to increase production from 4,950 to 6,200 metric tons per day of methanol at its methanol plant in St. James Parish, Louisiana. The associated increase in greenhouse gas emissions would be more than 400,000 tons per year. The modification would also consolidate previously issued permits for the facility.
A subsidiary of Energy Transfer on Nov. 7, 2022, published notice of an open comment period on its permit application to construct a new ethylene cracker in Nederland, Texas. Ethylene crackers are the first step of a process that turns components of natural gas into plastics. The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality is accepting comments here until Dec. 8, 2022 (permit number 170854).
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission on Nov. 10, 2022, issued a notice of scoping period for an expansion of the Corpus Christi LNG import-export terminal in Gregory, Texas. The additional LNG manufacturing trains would would each be capable of processing 1.64 million metric tons of liquefied natural gas per year. Public comment is open until Dec. 12, 2022 and can be submitted here (docket PF22-10).
On Nov. 11, 2022, Stamicarbon announced it had signed an agreement for a feasibility study with Keystate Natural Gas Synthesis to become its urea and diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) technology licensor. Keystate has proposed a natural gas synthesis plant in West Keating Township, Pennsylvania which would use gas to produce hydrogen, ammonia, and urea. The agreement with Stamicarbon is an indication that the project is moving forward.
On Nov. 11, 2022, Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Wolf's administration announced its support for a hydrogen hub proposed by Shell and Equinor. The hub would be eligible for up to $2 billion in federal funding through the infrastructure act passed last year. Details on the facility are sparse, but the hydrogen produced would likely be used to power industrial processes like fuel production. The exact location of the proposed facility has not yet been announced, nor has the project been funded yet.
On Nov. 8, 2022, TopChem submitted a request to the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality to rescind its federal Clean Air Act Title V and construction permits for its proposed ammonia plant in Pollock, Louisiana. TopChem had applied for permit extensions in May that would have required construction to begin by the end of 2022, but construction had not yet begun. TopChem has not yet indicated whether it plans to re-submit permit applications.
On Nov. 2, 2022, Dyno Nobel submitted supplemental information related to a proposed federal Clean Air Act permit modification (PSD-LA-768 (M7)) at its ammonia production facility in Waggaman, Louisiana. The supplemental information claims that emissions of nitrogen oxides, smog-forming pollutants that irritate the lungs, are low enough for a boiler at the facility that it doesn't trigger a more stringent air quality review. The permit modification, initially submitted June 13, is still pending.
On Nov. 4, 2022, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued a draft environmental assessment for the proposed Des Moines A-Line Capacity Replacement Project in Iowa, which would include the construction of nine new miles of pipeline. Public comment is open until Dec. 5, 2022, and can be submitted here (docket CP22-26).
On Nov. 3, 2022, Sempra Energy, the company developing the Port Arthur LNG export terminal in Jefferson County, Texas, announced plans to make a final investment decision on the first phase of the project early next year. The Port Arthur LNG terminal was initially authorized in February 2016 and, if built, would be a major source of greenhouse gas emissions and toxic air pollution.
Nexus Circular applied to build a second production line at the Nexus Fuels Plant in Atlanta, Georgia, a chemical recycling plant that uses a process called pyrolysis to turn plastic waste into fuel for making more plastics. The facility is a source of hazardous air pollutants, and Nexus is proposing new emissions limits for nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds. Comments on Nexus’ permit application are being accepted until Dec. 9, 2022. To comment, send written comments via email to firstname.lastname@example.org(include “Air permit application” in the subject line) or by mail to Air Permit Manager, 4244 International Parkway, Suite 120, Atlanta, Georgia 30354.
On Nov. 3, 2022, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued a notice of availability of a draft environmental impact statement for the proposed Wahpeton Expansion Project, which would include the construction of new pipeline in North Dakota. Public comment is open until Dec. 27, 2022, and can be submitted here (docket CP22-466).
At 6 p.m. Eastern time on Nov. 16, 2022, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission will hold a public scoping meeting for the planned System Alignment Program Project in Tennessee, North Carolina, and Virginia (docket PF22-8). Information on how to join the virtual meeting is available here.
On Oct. 28, 2022, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued a notice of intent to prepare an environmental impact statement for the proposed Southeast Energy Connector Project. Public comment is open until Nov. 28, 2022, and can be submitted here (docket CP22-501).
Occidental Petroleum announced on Nov. 1, 2022, that it had leased land for a second carbon dioxide capture and sequestration hub in Texas, this one on the King Ranch in Kleburg County. The immense 825,000-acre South Texas ranch dates to the 1850s and played a significant role in Texas history. Occidental's plans state that the proposed facility would have the capacity to capture 30 million tons per year of carbon dioxide and sequester the gas in pore space in underground rock layers beneath the ranch.
On Oct. 3, 2022, Louisiana Economic Development announced that Clean Hydrogen Works plans to develop a new blue hydrogen/ammonia production facility in Ascension Parish. Clean Hydrogen Works proposes to begin construction on the facility in 2024 and to be fully operational by 2027, with a maximum ammonia production capacity of 7.2 million tons per year. Carbon dioxide emissions would be captured and sequestered underground offsite.
On Oct. 28, 2022, Energy Transfer submitted application documents for its new proposed ethylene cracker in Nederland, Texas, next to its existing storage and export terminal. Energy Transfer proposes to bring the plant online by 2026. Application documents for the construction permits are forthcoming.
Recently announced expansion projects at gas plants in the Permian Basin of Texas could add 400 million standard cubic feet per day of processing capacity. The Red Lake 2 Gas Plant in Martin County is expected to begin operating in the first half of 2023,followed by a second processing train at the Dos Picos Gas Plant in Midland County in early 2024.
The Badger Walsh Gas Plant in Mesa County, Colorado, was issued a draft air permit on Oct. 24, 2022, to begin construct (permit number 21ME0753). The permit would authorize Utah Gas Corp. to restart the gas plant. Comments are currently being accepted on the draft permit here; the comment period ends on Nov. 23, 2022.
On Oct. 25, 2022, Mitsubishi Chemical America Inc. submitted an initial permit application to build a new methyl methacrylate plant in Geismar, Louisiana. Methyl methacrylate, or MMA, is a petrochemical made from ethylene and natural gas that’s used to manufacture acrylics, industrial solvents, and surface coatings. If built, Mitsubishi’s Geismar facility would be a major source of toxic air pollutants and the largest MMA plant in the world, with the capacity to produce up to 385,000 tons of MMA per year.
On Oct. 25, 2022, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued a notice of intent to prepare an environmental impact statement for the proposed Virginia Reliability Project and Commonwealth Energy Connector Project, which would increase capacity along the pipeline. Public comment is open until Nov. 25, 2022, and can be submitted here (docket CP22-503).
On Oct. 19, 2022, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued a notice of scoping period request comments on environmental Issues for the Planned System Alignment Program Project, which would involve the construction of new pipeline in Tennessee and replacement of existing pipeline in Virginia. Public comment is open until Nov. 18, 2022, and can be submitted here (docket PF22-8).
On Oct. 4, 2022, Chevron Phillips submitted a permit application to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality to construct a new ethylene derivatives unit at its facility in Orange, Texas. The unit would process ethylene into chemicals needed to make plastics. Public comment on the proposal is currently open and can be submitted here (permit number PSDTX1612).
On Oct. 24, 2022, the Montana Department of Environmental Quality issued a decision on a permit for the Calumet Refinery in Great Falls, Montana. The permit increases hydrogen sulfide and volatile organic compound emissions for the asphalt upgrades project and removes some equipment from the list of permitted equipment for the refinery reconfiguration project. A protest period is open until Nov. 8, 2022 (find instructions on the appeal process here).
The Velma Gas Plant in Velma, Oklahoma, was issued a draft air permit to construct on Sept. 12, 2022 (permit number 2016-0190-C M-4). The permit would authorize installation of five new compressor engines at the gas plant. Comments are currently being accepted on the draft permit here; the comment period ends Nov. 19, 2022.
The Stanberry Gas Plant in Colgate, Oklahoma, was issued a draft air permit to construct on Oct. 12, 2022 (2022-0107-C). The permit would authorize the restarting of the Stanberry Gas Plant and installation of the following equipment: one amine unit, one amine reboiler, one triethylene glycol dehydration unit, three heaters, three condensate tanks, one produced water tank, and one condensate flare. Comments are currently being accepted on the draft permit here; the comment period ends on Nov. 11, 2022.
On Sept. 29, 2022, Formosa Plastics submitted an application for an initial air permit to construct a new hexene plant at its Point Comfort Facility. Hexene is a key ingredient in plastics manufacturing. The addition of this plant to the facility will increase emissions, both from the construction of a new unit and from associated emissions increases from the high-density polyethylene unit. Public comments on the associated permits (NSR 170552 and NSR 127838) can be submitted here.
Uniper, LyondellBassell, Chevron, and Air Liquide announced on Oct. 19, 2022, that they plan to study the potential for a hydrogen and ammonia production facility along the Gulf Coast. The four companies intend to invest in carbon sequestration and storage for carbon emissions associated with the facility, making the proposed project a “blue” hydrogen and ammonia plant.
The Larose Compressor in Larose, Louisiana, was issued a draft pollution discharge permit on July 27, 2022 (permit number LA0110744). The permit would allow the station to discharge waste into the Intracoastal Waterway. Public comment on the draft permit is currently open and can be submitted here until Nov. 16, 2022.
On Oct. 21, 2022, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued a draft environmental impact statement for Transcontinental Gas Pipeline's Southside Reliability Enhancement Project. The project would involve the expansion and modification of existing compressor stations in Virginia and North Carolina. Public comment can be submitted here until Dec. 12, 2022 (docket number CP22-461).
On Oct. 14, 2022, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued a draft environmental impact statement for Northern Natural Gas's Northern Lights 2023 Expansion Project. The project would involve construction of just under 10 miles of new pipeline in Wisconsin and Minnesota. Public comment can be submitted here until Dec. 5, 2022 (docket CP22-138).
On Oct. 4, 2022, Double E Pipeline LLC submitted a request to extend the deadline to place receipt meter stations in service at the Big Eddy Plant and Lobo Processing Plant, located in New Mexico, by two years. The original permit in-service deadline was Oct. 15, 2022. Comments on the extension request can be submitted here until Oct. 26 (docket CP19-495).
CF industries, ExxonMobil, and Enlink Midstream announced on Oct. 12, 2022, that they are forming a partnership to capture, transport, and sequester carbon dioxide (CO2) produced at CF Industries’ Donaldsonville Nitrogen Complex southeast of Baton Rouge. CF Industries announced in February that they would capture CO2 at Donaldsonville to produce blue carbon. This latest announcement provides more details on this plan: the captured CO2 will be transported through Enlink’s existing pipeline network and permanently stored in geologic formations in Vermillion Parish at a site owned by ExxonMobil.
On Sept. 1, 2022, Formosa’s Baton Rouge Plastics Plant in Louisiana submitted an application for renewal of their pollution discharge permit (LA0006419). The permit would allow discharge from the facility to the Mississippi River and Monte Sano Bayou. A discharge permit was first issued to the facility in 2017.
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued a draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for Equitrans, LP's Ohio Valley Connector Expansion Project on Sept. 30, 2022. The project would transport natural gas from the Appalachian Basin to local distribution companies and power plants. Comments on the draft EIS can be submitted here (docket number CP22-44). until Nov. 21, 2022.
On Aug. 16 and 31, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission requested further information from Texas Brownsville LNG LLC related to their proposed Brownsville LNG Terminal in Cameron, Texas. Public comment is now open on the information provided by Texas Brownville LNG LLC. Comments can be submitted here (docket number CP16-116) until Oct. 21, 2022.
In August and September 2022, Rio Grande LNG LLC submitted more information regarding their proposal to build a new LNG terminal and associated pipeline in Brownsville, Texas to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). FERC is accepting comments on the new information until Oct. 21, 2022, which can be submitted here (docket number CP16-454).
On Sept. 28, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission accepting comments on Ozark Gas Transmission LLC’s Ozark Supply Access Project, which would involve construction of new pipeline and a new compressor station, among other things. Comments on the proposed project authorization and protest deadline are open until Nov. 28, 2022, and can be submitted here (docket number CP22-511).
In late September 2022, Neste Corp finalized its partnership with Marathon Petroleum to convert the currently-idled Martinez Refinery in Martinez, California, into a renewable fuels plant. Neste is investing $1 billion into the project and will share responsibility for feedstock outsourcing and eventually share in half the output with Marathon.
At the beginning of October 2022, Alaska Gasline Development Corp signed a memorandum of understanding with four other companies to investigate the financial feasibility of building an ammonia plant in the Cook Inlet region of Alaska. The plant would include carbon capture and sequestration in nearby underground geologic formations and would be supplied with gas via the Alaska Nikiski LNG Pipeline.
In late September, an LA-based startup called Carbon Capture announced plans to construct a direct air capture facility in Wyoming called Project Bison (exact location has not yet been announced). Direct air capture is technology that pulls carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere for storage underground industry uses. Project Bison proposes to remove 100,000 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) per year in the first phase of their project and then inject the CO2 in storage wells nearby. Completion of the first phase is projected for 2023.
On July 11, 2022, construction began on an expansion project at the Chevron Pasadena Refinery in Pasadena, Texas. The expansion will increase the crude processing capacity of the facility from 110,000 barrels of crude oil per day to 125,000 barrels per day and will enable the refinery to make jet fuel.
On Sept. 23, 2022, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commissions issued a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity, a type of permit often crucial to building interstate pipelines, to LA Storage LLC for their Hackberry Pipeline and Storage Project, despite public opposition. The certificate grants authorization to construct a pipeline delivering 1.5 billion cubic feet of natural gas per day to two pipelines supplying LNG ports, and authorizes new natural gas storage facilities with a 20-billion-cubic-foot capacity. The project is located in Cameron and Calcaseiu Parishes, Louisiana.
On Sept. 21, ExxonMobil submitted an application to increase olefin production at their Baytown Plant. Olefins are art of the plastics production process, and the proposed increase in production could result in increases in criteria emissions from the plant. Public comment is currently open for the amendment to permit 102982 and can be submitted here.
At the beginning of September, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency denied a permit for a major offshore oil terminal proposed on the Gulf Coast near Corpus Christi, Texas, ruling that the Bluewater Texas terminal would need to reduce its toxic air pollution by about 95 percent. On Sept. 30,the company involved announced it would submit a new permit application for the terminal which will incorporate “an emissions reduction strategy to further minimize the air emissions associated with marine loading,” according to a statement.
The proposed Venice Extension Project’s draft environmental impact statement was published on Sept. 16, 2022. The project involves the addition of about three miles of pipe to Texas Eastern’s Line 40 pipeline, construction of a new compressor station in Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana, and modification of two existing compressor stations in LaFourche and Iberville Parishes. Public comment on the environmental impact statement (docket CP22-15) is open until Nov. 7 and can be submitted here.
Targa received a draft operating permit for the Little Missouri Gas Plant and Smokey Compressor Station in McKenzie County, North Dakota. The comment period for this draft permit will open on Sept. 29, 2022, and will close on Oct. 28, 2022. Direct comments in writing to the North Dakota Department of Environmental Quality, Division of Air Quality, 4201 Normandy St. 2nd Floor, Bismark, ND 58503 or email AirQuality@nd.gov, Re: Public Comment Permit No. AOP-284407 v2.0.
The Texas to Louisiana Energy Pathway project was announced last month and consists of the construction of a new compressor station in Fort Bend County, Texas, and the modification of six compressors in Hardin County, Texas. These modifications would provide an additional 193 million cubic feet per day of natural gas transport capacity from the Valley Crossing Interconnection in South Texas to a compressor station in Wharton County, Texas, and an additional 135 million cubic feet per day of capacity in St. Helena Parish, Louisiana.
On Sept. 14, Louisiana’s 19th Judicial District Court reversed the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality’s decision to issue air permits that a Taiwan-based company needed to build one of the largest proposed plastics plants in the world, the Formosa Sunshine Project in St. James Parish, Louisiana.
Three new plastics-to-fuels plants have been announced in the last year. Plastics-to-fuels plants process waste plastic to generate fuel that can be used to produce new plastic products. Most use proprietary processes with few details available, and processes vary from plant to plant. The Encina Point Township Circular Manufacturing Plant, located in Point Township, Pennsylvania, was announced in April 2022. The SES Lowellville Plastics Recycling Plant in Lowellville, Ohio was announced in October 2021, and the PTTGCA Grove City Plastics Recycling Plant in Grove City, Ohio was announced in June.
On Sept. 15, Green Energy Ventures LLC announced that it is planning to construct a new hydrogen plant at the site of the Birchwood Power Plant, a coal plant that was retired in 2021. The plant would be located in King George, Virginia, and would power a data center as well as generate hydrogen for power use offsite.
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission is accepting public comments here (docket number CP22-17) on a proposed amendment to add carbon capture and sequestration at the Rio Grande LNG terminal in Cameron County, Texas. The comment period ends Oct. 3, and a public scoping session will be held on Sept. 27 in Port Isabel, Texas.
On Sept. 9, after a nearly decade-long fight from local community members and environmental groups, the Louisiana Department of Environmental Protection withdrew its review of South Louisiana Methanol’s application to modify the air permits for the proposed St. James Methanol Plant. The St. James Methanol Plant, which was originally permitted in 2013, would have released over 2 million tons of greenhouse gases and 770 tons of toxic air pollutants into predominantly Black communities in historic St. James Parish, Louisiana.
On Sept. 9, the Advocate newspaper reported that Livingston Parish leaders voted to impose a year-long moratorium on injection wells used in carbon capture, citing the need for stricter regulation amid anxieties over the technology's safety. The announcement could delay carbon capture promises for projects like Air Products’ Darrow Blue Energy Facility, which plans to store carbon dioxide in deep underground wells across Livingston, St. James, St. John the Baptist, and Tangipahoa parishes.
On Aug. 29, a draft construction permit modification for permit number 2016-1295-C (M-12) was issued for Koch Fertilizer’s Enid Nitrogen Plant about 5 miles east of Enid, Oklahoma. The proposed modification would increase the facility’s hazardous air pollutant (HAP)emissions limit, upgrading it from an area source to a major source of HAPs, and would increase VOC emissions limits. Public comment on the draft permit is open until October 6th and can be submitted here.
Linde announced that it plans to construct a new hydrogen plant in McIntosh, Alabama in June 2022. The plant would produce liquid hydrogen using fossil fuels and Linde aims to have it operational by 2024. The project is part of an $83 million investment in the area.
In June, the Kentucky Department of Environmental Protection joined a Clean Air Act lawsuit against Westlake Petrochemical LLC, which operates ethylene plants in Calvert City, Kentucky and Lake Charles, Louisiana. Westlake has agreed to a proposed consent decree requiring flare gas minimization, flaring efficiency measures, and fenceline monitoring as well as a $1 million dollar fine for violations of emissions standards. Public comment on the draft consent decree is open until Sept. 23 and can be submitted by email to email@example.com.
On Aug. 24, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco) filed an application for a Federal Energy Regulatory Commission permit to increase transportation service through their Commonwealth Energy Connector Project, located in Greensville, Chesapeake, Mecklenburg, Prince George, and Brunswick Counties in Virginia. The application is under docket number CP22-502 and the comment period ends Sept. 29, 2022. Comments can be submitted here.
On Sept. 7, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued a notice of intent to prepare an environmental impact statement for Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company’s proposed Cumberland Project, which would add approximately 32 miles of natural gas transport pipeline traveling from Dickson County to Steward County in Tennessee. The docket number is CP22-493. The comment period ends Oct. 7 and comments can be submitted here.
On Sept. 9, Texas Commission on Environmental Quality's general counsel sent a letter notifying ETC Texas Pipeline, Ltd., that the commission will consider a motion to overturn an air permit for the Bear Gas Processing Plant, located in Orla, Texas, about two hours west of Midland. Environmental Integrity Project and two allied groups had in August filed a motion to overturn the permit on the grounds that the type of permit sought was too minor for the levels of emissions associated with the plant. The TCEQ's decision puts the permit, which authorizes construction of the new plant, on hold until the commission can act on the motion. The commission has until Oct. 21 to make a final decision.
On Sept. 1, in response to public comments submitted by the Environmental Integrity Project and a coalition of 15 allied organizations, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency denied a permit for a major offshore oil terminal proposed on the Gulf Coast near Corpus Christi, ruling that the Bluewater Texas terminal would need to reduce its toxic air pollution by about 95 percent.
The Louisiana Economic Development on Sept. 2 announced a $50 million grant directed at research into and production of green hydrogen, a process where hydrogen is produced exclusively using clean energy, such as wind power. The grant recipient is a coalition led by the Greater New Orleans Development Foundation. Funding for the project, called H2theFuture, comes from a 2021 American Rescue Plan Act competitive grant program
Cheniere confirmed on Aug. 29 that it plans to continue expanding its Corpus Christi LNG terminal located about 15 miles northwest of Corpus Christi, Texas. They submitted a request to initiate pre-filing with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) outlining intentions to add two liquefaction trains, which convert natural gas into liquefied natural gas. Each train would be capable of producing up to 1.64 million metric tons of LNG per year, with construction to begin in 2024. The in-service date is targeted for the second half of 2031.
Howard Energy Partners announced in August 2021 that it plans to add carbon capture capabilities to its Javelina Gas Processing Plant in Corpus Christi, Texas. The plant currently controls around 60 million cubic feet of hydrogen production. Howard has not yet specified how the captured carbon dioxide will be used – it could go to industrial uses, such as cement production, or it could be sequestered belowground, or the company could implement some mix of use and sequestration.
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission on August 23, 2022 granted a four-year extension on the period of time the Mountain Valley Pipeline company is permitted to complete the project, extending the deadline from Oct. 13, 2022, to Oct. 13, 2026.
On Aug. 18, Koch Fertilizers announced an expansion of urea ammonium nitrate production at its Dodge City, Kansas plant. The expansion will increase the plant’s production capacity by 35,000 tons per year. Urea ammonium nitrate is a liquid fertilizer.
Targa Resources Corp. confirmed in August that they plan to build a new gas processing plant in Midland County, Texas. The Greenwood Gas Plant will process 275 million cubic feet per day, and Targa plans to have it operational by the end of 2023.
On Aug. 22, 2022, Equilon Enterprises LLC submitted applications for tax breaks to Louisiana Economic Development for a new aviation fuel and diesel production facility at what was previously the Shell Convent Refinery in St. James Parish. The proposed project will produce jet and diesel fuel using primarily sugarcane ethanol.
On July 25, Roehm America LLC applied for an amendment to their air permit for their Bay City methyl methacrylate (MMA) plant in Matagorda County, Texas, that would increase emissions of multiple pollutants. MMA is a petrochemical used to manufacture pesticides, industrial solvents, surface coatings, and polyesters.
On April 22, Air Products announced an expansion/conversion of World Energy’s fuel production facility in Paramount, California. The announced facility will produce 340 million gallons of hydrogen a year for aviation fuel. The project is scheduled to come online in 2025.
BASF announced plans to increase production of specialty chemicals at its Geismar Chemical Complex in Ascension Parish, Louisiana, southeast of Baton Rouge.
Enterprise is planning to build its sixth and seventh gas processing plants at the Midland Basin Processing Complex in Midland and Glasscock counties, in West Texas. The sixth plant will be a 300 million cubic feet of gas per day expansion to its existing Trident Gas Plant. The exact location of the seventh plant has yet to be disclosed.
Enterprise plans to add another plant capable of processing 300 million cubic feet per day of natural gas to its Mentone Gas Processing Plant in Loving County, Texas.
Enterprise announced plans to expand its existing Shin Oak Natural Gas Liquids (NGL) Pipeline in Texas by 275,000 barrels per day. The pipeline carries natural gas liquids from the Permian Basin in West Texas to Enterprise’s fractionation and storage complex in Mont Belvieu, along the Texas Gulf Coast.
MPLX, a Marathon Petroleum limited partnership, announced plans to add a second 200-million-cubic-feet-per-day gas plant to its existing Preakness Gas Plant in Culberson County, TX.
Energy Transfer recently announced plans to build the Bear Gas Processing Plant, a new plant capable of processing 220 million cubic feet per day of natural gas, in Orla, Texas.
The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection issued a draft permit to expand Transco Compressor Station 505 in Somerset County, New Jersey, as part of the Regional Energy Access (REAE) Pipeline project. Public comments are due September 6, 2022, and a public hearing will be held on August 11, 2022. For more information, see here.
Blue Bayou Ammonia applied to the Texas City school district for tax breaks to construct a “blue” ammonia plant. The plant, planned in Galveston County, Texas, would be capable of producing over 3 million metric tons of ammonia per year.
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is seeking public comments on the Environmental Assessment prepared for the proposed Calcasieu Pass LNG Terminal Update Amendment Project (FERC Docket No. CP22-25-000). This project in Cameron Parish, Louisiana, would increase the LNG terminal’s export capacity by 0.4 million metric tons per year. A copy of the draft Environmental Assessment is available here. Public comments are due Sept. 4, 2022.
Air Products applied for tax breaks to construct a new syngas unit, new air separation units, and carbon capture and sequestration equipment in Galveston County, Texas. Syngas is a combustible mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide used as a fuel and in fertilizer manufacturing.
Prairie Energy Partners applied for tax breaks to construct a 250,000 barrel-per-day crude oil refinery in Victoria County, Texas, that would operate using blue hydrogen and renewable electricity.
Union Carbide Corporation applied for tax breaks to construct an alkoxylation plant within the company's Seadrift Complex in Calhoun County, Texas, about 60 miles northeast of Corpus Christi. Alkoxylation is a chemical reaction required in the manufacturing of surfactants, chemicals that act as detergents, wetting agents, emulsifiers, foaming agents, and dispersants.
BASF announced plans to complete the third phase of a $1 billion expansion to increase production of MDI, a chemical used in the creation of polymers, at the company's Geismar site in Ascension Parish, Louisiana.
OCI applied for a Clean Air Act permit on July 18, 2022, that would authorize construction of the OCI Nitrogen Production Complex in Jefferson County, Texas.
MarkWest submitted an (incomplete) application to construct a second cryogenic gas processing plant in Washington County, Pennsylvania.
Venture Global applied for a permit to build the Moss Lake Compressor in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana, as part of the CP2 LNG terminal and CP Express Pipeline projects.
Magellan received a draft operating permit for the Magellan Corpus Christi Terminal in Nueces County, Texas. The terminal can store up to 6 million barrels of petroleum and natural gas liquids. The public comment period for this draft permit is now open. For information on how to submit a comment, see the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality's public notice.
Equistar Chemicals LP (Harris County, Texas) applied for a tax abatement (a Texas Chapter 313 value limitation agreement) from Sheldon Independent School District to construct a new propylene manufacturing plant at its Channelview Complex east of Houston. The plant would manufacture 950 million tons per year of propylene, a gas similar to propane that's used as a fuel. Construction is expected to begin mid-2025, with the plant scheduled to be operational by the end of 2026.
Siete Green Fuels LLC (Webb County, Texas) applied for a tax abatement (a Texas Chapter 313 value limitation agreement) from Webb Independent School District to construct a new "green hydrogen" plant in a rural area east of Laredo, Texas. The plant would produce 240 tons per day of hydrogen using methods that are purportedly cleaner than the more common gray hydrogen derived from natural gas. The potential greenhouse gas and air pollution emissions from this plant are currently unknown.
Arkema Inc. (Jefferson County, Texas) applied for a tax break (a Texas Chapter 313 value limitation agreement) from the Beaumont Independent School District for “Project Strawberry.” The project involves building “a new process unit at its petrochemical production complex…to produce intermediates used in refining and petrochemicals” in Beaumont, Texas. Construction is expected to begin in 2023, and the unit would be operational by 2025.
Cabot's Pampa Plant (Gray County, Texas) received a draft federal air pollution control permit on July 13, 2022. This Clean Air Act construction permit would authorize various expansion projects at the facility in the Texas Panhandle that manufactures carbon blacks, raw ingredients used in industrial processes such as polymers, printing, and coating. The plant's expansions would make maintenance startup and shutdown activities more efficient, increase oxygen enrichment at one of the production units, and begin manufacturing carbon black treated with a proprietary acid. The comment period for this draft permit is now open. For detailed information about submitting public comments, see the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality's Public Notice.
Cameron LNG (Cameron Parish, Louisiana) submitted an application to modify the federal air pollution control permits (Title V and Prevention of Significant Deterioration) covering the proposed expansion of the Cameron LNG facility in Southwest Louisiana. The application covers changes to the liquefaction units and reflects design changes, including the use of electric motors to replace certain turbine drives.
Cheniere Energy (San Patricio County, Texas) has applied for tax breaks to construct three expansion projects at the Corpus Christi LNG terminal in San Patricio County. The projects could include anywhere from 8 to 24 liquefaction units, depending on the size of each, although design is still being finalized. Cheniere expects the expansion to be completed between 2037 and 2041.
Chevron Phillips Chemical's Sweeny Old Ocean Facility (Brazoria County, Texas) received a draft federal air pollution control permit (Title V operating permit) with major modifications on July 5, 2022. The permit would incorporate a new unit to produce 1-Hexene, a key ingredient in plastics, at the facility.
Kinder Morgan's Altamont Gas Processing Plant (Duchesne County, Utah) received a draft initial federal air pollution control permit (Title V operating permit) on June 29, 2022. The comment period for this draft permit is now open; comments are being accepted until July 28, 2022.
Brazos Delaware Gas LLC (Ward County, Texas) is applying for tax breaks to construct a gas processing plant. They expect to start construction on the 200 mmcf/d plant in January 2023 and hope to be operational by December 2023.
Magnolia Renewable Fuels LLC (West Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana) plans to construct a renewable gasoline refinery. The refinery would convert woody biomass from southern yellow pine plantations in Louisiana and Mississippi into 2,000 barrels of renewable gasoline per day. The project also has a CCS component that is expected to sequester 550,000 tons of CO2 per year. The refinery is expected to be operational by 2025.
Monroe Energy’s Trainer Refinery (Delaware County, Pennsylvania) received a draft CAA permit on June 11, 2022. The permit would authorize modifications to the refinery’s D2 Process Unit to convert it to produce renewable diesel from soybean oil. Comment period deadline is July 11, 2022.
Phillips 66’s Borger Refinery (Hutchinson County, Texas) received a draft Title V permit on June 10, 2022. This permit would renew Title V authorization for the refinery’s methyl mercaptan plant. Comments are now being accepted; the comment period deadline will be set for 30 days after public notice of this draft permit is published in a newspaper.
OQ Chemicals’ Bay City Plant (Matagorda County, Texas) received a draft Title V permit on June 10, 2022. This permit would renew the Bay City Plant’s Title V authorization. Comments are now being accepted; the comment period deadline will be set for 30 days after public notice of this draft permit is published in a newspaper.
Air Liquide’s Port Allen Facility (West Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana) received a draft initial NPDES permit on May 26, 2022. This permit would authorize the facility to discharge utility wastewater, cooling tower blowdown, and stormwater to the Intracoastal Waterway. Comment period deadline is July 7, 2022.